This article is intended primarily for those who understand that the one-time big financial investment for a single person or a family is much more beneficial than permanent, lifelong, small costs. It is easy to assume we are talking about utility bills residents of apartment buildings and private houses.
Water, gas, electricity and other utilities - at first glance are those monthly bills that come to the owners of apartments and houses - not so big. However, having calculated the total cost to the "utility bills" in 10-15 years, you will be surprised. Amount of spent money will be huge! But there are alternatives.
Since 1985, Russia carried out for so-called energy-efficient houses.
Energy efficient house – is a house that does not require for its heating no additional heat sources, than the internal heat source (gas and electric stoves, heat emitted by the human body, lamps, and other electrical appliances).
Cold tolerance in these houses is achieved by using a number of technological solutions, the existence of which, unfortunately, specially silenced the existing system of government, as the abandonment of public services and, consequently, on their payment reduces the dependence of the common man of the state.
Consider briefly at the basic techniques of improving energy efficiency in the house.
1. The walls of the house are made according to the type of frame, fully-filled heater cost of natural origin - compressed straw, reeds, flax, peat and other special. With that the optimum thickness of the wall is only 60 centimeters.
2. The use of heat exchangers (recuperators) - special devices for ventilation, which can eliminate the heat loss when entering the fresh air outside. Value exchanger is extremely low, as it consists of several chambers in which air is blown heats the air flowing outside. Power consumption of a small fan in the recuperator is more than covered benefit in heat.
3. A very large proportion of heat cost in any house falls on the windows. This problem is solved by using a special thermal shutters that dramatically reduce heat loss at night and during cold windy weather.
4. Also a lot of heat is lost through the entrance doors. Then use the old Russian way - the inner porch, or if you prefer a modern twist - vestibule with heat-insulated doors.
5. Foundations of separate energy-efficient houses are insulated thermal necessarily skirts, which significantly reduces heat loss through the floor. The floor itself is also heated by the exhaust gases (such as stove) and warm water discharges of sewage.
Of course, besides reducing the heat loss must be provided and the sources of supply for force majeure. In energy-efficient houses are widely used solar panels, batteries to reduce peak loads on the home grid, the fuel pellet boilers and all kinds of collectors.
Today, many European countries have launched national programs for the mass construction of such houses. In Russia and Ukraine, so far there are only a few instances of such energy-efficient houses, but rising prices for oil and gas make them more popular.
Live in harmony with each other and with nature.