À.S. Pushkin's biography
The great Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was born on May, 26, 1799 in Moscow. A capacity for work Alexander had stopped up in genes - his father also was a poet and wit, winning popularity in certain public circles.
Pushkin was nowhere taught to 12 years, and in age 12 he acted on educating in Emperor's Tzarskoe Selo Lyceum which was considered higher Russian educational establishment. A lyceum was in the Tzarskoe Selo and Pushkin had the opportunity to communicate with the most deserving representatives of higher estate of country. During educating in a lyceum Pushkin was first opened his creative gift that was estimated at his teachers' true worth.
On graduating at lyceum a summer 1817 year Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, now already in ÷èíå of êîëëåæñêîãî secretary, acts on service in College of foreign affairs. In this period Pushkin sets to work above the first large poem «Ruslan and Ljudmila», which was complete in 1820.
In the same year Pushkin gets the new assigning for service in a city Kishinev in the office of general I.N. Inzov. By reason of poet’s move from the capital on periphery became his verses, according to the of that time governor general of Petersburg «were incompatible with status of public administrator».
Not reaching to Kishinev, Pushkin falls ill the fever of lungs and gets permission temporally to leave to Crimea for treatment. For two months of stay in Crimea (August-September) Pushkin visits Feodosiya, Gursuf, Bakhchisarai and Simferopol.
Finally at the end of September 1920 Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin arrived on the new service’s place to Kishinev. In spite of delay I.N. Inzov behaves to the poet with condescension and gives numerous vacations to him. In times of service Pushkin visited Odesa, Kyiv and Kamenka not once, where his friends lived. In Kishinev a poet writes the poem the «Caucasian captive», which right after a publication brings glory and confession to Pushkin.
In July, 1824 a poet gives suing for retirement, which is satisfied. He heads for the parents in Mihaylovskoe (an estate is in the Pskov area). There he writes a whole series of the works among which a famous poem «I remember wonderful drumbeat».
1826-1830. At the beginning of this period Pushkin has an audience with a new tsar by Nikolay I, after which a very tall protection and absence of some censorship are promised a poet for his works. However in two years after a poem «Poltava», and also, becoming known to the government of «Gavriliada» written as early as 1821, after Pushkin set a constabulary supervision.
On February the 18, 1831 Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin gets married in church with Natalia Goncharova and moves to live to Petersburg, leasing a summer residence in the Tzarskoe Selo. Here he writes the final chord of «Evgeny Onegin» - «Onegin’s letter».
Pushkin again acts on government service in the grade of «historiographer» and gets permission to work in state archives for writing of «History of Peter». Possibility to deepen the knowledge in area of history and use them in writing of the planned work about the peasant revolt of Pugachev, a poet is pushed slightly to the journey into places of revolt - Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan, Orenburg and further, along the river Ural.
On January, 7, 1833 Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin is elected by the member of Russian Academy - center on the study of the Russian founded by Catherine II in 1783.
In autumn of the same year, again returning in Boldino, from under feather of poet goes out the «Copper rider», «Andzhelo», «Fairy-tale about a fisherman and fish» and «Fairy-tale about a dead tsarevna and about seven athletes».
1833-1836. This period is extremely heavy for Pushkin. Family and estate of Pushkin required all greater money charges, but the writer’s last works did not bring in to him a large profit. In spite of tight financial situation, in 1934 Pushkin felt a necessity to go away from care a tsar and gives suing for retirement, which is satisfied. However simultaneously it is forbidden him further to work with record offices. Public criticism of poet increases, objective reason of which is covered in that his best works were forbidden by censorship.
By another attempt to put right financial businesses founding of literary magazine becomes «Contemporary» in 1836. Unfortunately, profits from the sales of magazine did not cover even expenses on his creation.
In November, 1836 there is a conflict of Pushkin with French officer of Zhorzh Sharl Dantes, reason of which was the offended honour of poet.
On January, 27, 1837 Pushkin was injured Dantes on a duel and in two days died of peritonitis for himself at home.
Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin is buried in the Pskov province on the Svyatogorskiy monastery’s churchyard.